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科学美国人60秒: 网络数据攻击案

所属教程:科学美国人60秒地球系列 更新:01-19
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Cyber Thieves Hold Hospital's Data for Ransom

网络数据攻击案

What do you do when hackers kidnap your data and hold it for ransom?Hollywood Presbyterian Medical Center in California recently faced that question. The hospital’s management decided it was worth forking over $17,000 in bitcoin cyber currency to regain access to their patient digital information and other data held hostage by a malicious software program.

当黑客绑架了你的数据并借此索要赎金时,你要采取什么行动呢?加州的好莱坞长老会医疗中心最近就遭遇了这种问题。医院管理层决定支付17,000美元比特币重新收回察看病人数据信息的权利以及其它被恶意软件程序控制的信息数据。

Ransomware, as it has come be known, has been around for years, but this hospital case is perhaps the most egregious example of its use as part of a cyber attack.

Ransomware,这款软件已经存在很多年。但这次医疗中心的案件,是利用此款软件进行网络攻击各种事件中最恶劣的一个。

The medical center issued a statement saying that patient care was not compromised while their data was unavailable. Still, it’s unsettling to hear that a hospital is shut out of parts of its own computer systems and unable to communicate electronically.

医疗中心发表声明表示,尽管他们的个人信息已经受限,但是对病人的治疗不会受到影响。但是,医院的部分电脑系统关闭,无法进行电子沟通,这样的消息让人不安。

Ransomware does its dirty work by encrypting files until a ransom payment releases the decryption key. Perhaps the most surprising aspect of this case is that the hackers asked for only $17,000—not that much money to an institution that that pulls in hundreds of millions in annual revenue. But it’s almost certain that future instances of ransomware attacks will involve more exorbitant demands.

这种赎金工具软件的卑鄙之处在于对文件提前非法恶意加密, 直到支付赎金后再放出解密钥匙。或许此次事件最令人震惊的一方面就是黑客只索要了17万美元赎金——这些钱对一个每年的财政预算能有几百上千万的研究机构来讲还不是十分可观。但是可以肯定的是,将来可能出现会提出更极端要求的救赎工具袭击事件案例。

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