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CNN News:耶路撒冷为何如此重要

所属教程:2017年12月CNN新闻听力 更新:12-25
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The Trump administration is considering a declaration that’s significant around the world, whether to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

特朗普政府正在考虑一项在世界范围内具有重大意义的声明,是否承认耶路撒冷是以色列的首都。

And if the U.S. government does that, it could later move the U.S. embassy in Tel Aviv, Israel, to the city of Jerusalem.

美国政府承认,则可能会把美国驻以色列特拉维夫的大使馆迁往耶路撒冷。

Here’s why that significant. In 1980, Israel passed a law declaring Jerusalem to be its capital. It had seen the city as that for decades.

这就是为什么此决定如此重要。1980年,以色列通过一项法律,宣布耶路撒冷为其首都。数十年来,以色列一直将其视为首都。

But the United Nations said that declaration was against international law because it saw Jerusalem as an international city. Its population of around 850,000 people isn’t particularly large as cities go. But Jerusalem’s importance to the world’s three major Abrahamic religions -- Judaism, Christianity and Islam -- is tremendous.

但是联合国表示,此声明违反了国际法律,因为其将耶路撒冷视为国际城市。耶路撒冷的人口约有85万,并不能和大城市媲美。但是耶路撒冷对世界三大亚伯拉罕宗教——犹太教、基督教、伊斯兰教——具有重大意义。

At one level, it’s a city like any other. People sell, people buy, normal life. But Jerusalem’s old city is special. And this is the best vantage point, here on the Mount of Olives.

在某些程度,这个城市和其他城市一样。人们销售、购买,正常的生活。但是耶路撒冷老城非常的特殊。这是因为它具有有利的地理位置,其位于橄榄山。

The Doom of the Rock, a key holy site for Muslims. Behind it, the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, built on the site where many Christians believe Christ was crucified.

岩石圆顶清真寺是穆斯林的圣地。位于其后面的圣墓教堂的修建地址,是人们认为基督被十字架钉死之地。

And out of sight from this vantage point, the Western Wall, holy to Jews supporting the mount where the temple once stood. It’s not Jerusalem’s significance, that’s in dispute. It’s a status.

从这个有利的角度看,西面的墙,是犹太人的圣地,圣殿曾经矗立的地方。其并不代表耶路撒冷的重要地位,这一点是有争议的。这象征的一个地位。

After nearly 20 years divided by barbed wire, Israel forces took control of the whole city, east and west. In 1967, the international community did not recognize what Israel called the unification of Jerusalem, embassies stayed in Tel Aviv. And East Jerusalem was accepted by the international community as the capital of a future Palestinian state in a negotiated settlement between Israelis and Palestinians.

近20年的铁丝网的隔离,以色列军队控制了整个城市,包括东部和西部。1967年,国际社会不承认以色列所谓的统一了耶路撒冷,大使馆则停留在特拉维夫。东耶路撒冷被国际社会视为以色列和巴基斯坦谈判后未来巴勒斯坦国的首都。

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