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CNN News:炸弹气旋暴击美国 美东海岸地冻天寒

所属教程:2018年01月CNN新闻听力 更新:01-10
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For millions of people on the U.S. East Coast, it’s like they’ve been hit by a category one hurricane, but this storm lashed them with cold and snow. Tens of thousands from Virginia, on down to Florida lost electricity. And in Connecticut, where the forecast called for at least six inches of snow, and winds as strong as 50 miles per hour, the state’s governor said utility crews wouldn’t be able to get power lines repaired if they fail.

对于美国东海岸数百万人而言,他们仿佛遭遇了一级飓风,但是这场飓风所带来的是严寒和暴雪。由于断电,上万人从弗吉尼亚转移到佛罗里达。康涅狄格州天气预报表示,积雪深度至少达到六英寸,风力达到50英里/小时。该州州长表示,如果电力出现问题,电力公司工作人员无法修复线路。

Dozens of eastern U.S. cities were set to shiver under record-breaking cold. In Boston, Massachusetts, that could mean weekend temperatures dropping to seven below zero. New York City was expecting as much as 10 inches of snow, with temperatures dropping to about three degrees, strong winds and whiteout conditions forced JFK Airport to stop its flights. By yesterday afternoon, LaGuardia Airport had shut down too. In Newark Liberty Airport in neighboring New Jersey was also struggling to maintain flights.

数十个美国东部城市在破纪录的严寒下开始瑟瑟颤抖。马萨诸塞州的波士顿,这可能意味着周末气温将降至零下7摄氏度。纽约市预计降雪达10英寸,气温降至约3度,强风和暴雪天气迫使肯尼迪国际机场停飞。到昨天下午,拉瓜迪亚机场也已关闭。在新泽西州的纽瓦克自由机场仍在努力维持航班正常飞行。

Passengers were stranded, residents were told to stay indoors and schools all over the Northeast were closed because of something called a bomb cyclone.

乘客被滞留,居民被告知在室内活动,同时东北部的所学校“炸弹旋风”也已经停课。

JENNIFER GRAY, CNN METEOROLOGIST: Bombogenesis definitely sounds like a scary term. Now, bomb cyclone is a low pressure system that has undergone bombogenesis. In fact, storms that undergo this weather phenomenon can be rather destructive, causing a lot of damage.

珍妮弗·格雷,CNN 气象学家:“炸弹生成”听起来绝对是个可怕的词。现在,炸弹旋风是一种迅速而剧烈发展的低气压。事实上,这种天气现象的风暴破坏性非常大,会造成很大的破坏。

But in the meteorological sense, bombogenesis simply means a storm that drops 24 millibars within 24 hours. So, you basically have a storm that is rapidly intensifying.

但是,从气象方面来看,“炸弹风暴”仅仅是意味着在24小时内,气压下降24毫巴。所以,事实上,你会经历一场迅速升级加速的风暴。

In this part of the world, we see these storms rapidly intensifying because you have the cold air from the North combining with warmer air coming in from the gulfstream. We see these in mid-latitudes and in the winter time, many times, we refer to these storms as northeasters. They can bring a lot of wind, rain and snow to the Northeast.

在这里,我们看到这些风暴迅速加剧,因为来自北方的冷空气和来自湾流的暖空气相结合。这种现象在中纬度以及冬天非常常见,我们将这种风暴称为“东北暴风”。因为这种天气会给东北部带来很多风、雨水以及降雪。

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