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voa慢速英语视频:News Literacy Introduction: News Through Time

所属教程:voa慢速英语视频 更新:04-30

News Literacy Introduction: News Through Time

新闻素养导论:新闻随时间发展

Today we are at the Newseum in Washington D.C. – where the history of free expression is explained and defended.

现在我们在华盛顿的新闻博物馆,在这里自由表达的历史得以解释和捍卫。

The first printing presses arrived in the United States in the mid-1600s, marking an important step in the history of America’s free press.

第一台印刷机于17世纪中期抵达美国,标志着美国自由新闻史上的重要一步。

A free press is important in democratic society. It allows citizens to speak freely and criticize the country's leaders without fear. Some journalists have even lost their lives for that right.

新闻自由在民主社会中很重要,它允许公民自由发言,还可以无所畏惧地评论国家领导人,一些记者甚至为这一权利献出了生命。

But, it can also lead to news that is false. Last year, a fake news story about a Washington pizza restaurant went viral, causing a gunman to open fire at the business.

但是,这也会导致虚假新闻。去年,一篇关于华盛顿披萨店的假新闻流传开来,导致一名持枪歹徒向该公司开火。

One of the most common terms we hear today is “fake news.” The public and politicians use it to talk about the news reports they do not think are accurate.

我们今天听到的最常见的术语之一就是“假新闻”,公众和政客们用它来代表他们认为不准确的新闻报道。

While people have paid much attention to the term in recent years, the problem is not new. False news reports have been around since modern journalism started.

虽然近几年来人们对这个词给予了很大的关注,但这个问题并不新鲜。自现代新闻开始以来,虚假的新闻报道就一直存在。

Today, information moves around us in many forms, every hour of every day. Even if we do not seek out news on our own, we often receive it anyway, instantly, on our phones.

如今,每天的每个小时,信息都以多种形式围绕着我们。即使我们不主动去寻找新闻,也经常能立即从手机上了解到。

So how can we manage this mountain of information so that fake news does not mislead us?

那么,我们要如何管理这海量的信息才能避免不被假新闻误导呢?

We believe this requires news literacy. News literacy is the ability to use critical thinking skills to judge news reports. Are they credible? Can you rely on the reports to be true?

我们认为这需要新闻素养。新闻素养是运用批判性思维能力判断新闻报道的能力。它们可信吗?你能相信这些报道是真的吗?

We use real media examples to teach useful skills and methods to recognize journalism over other kinds of information. We examine the differences between facts and what people report in the media as truth.

我们使用真实的媒体例子来传授有用的技能和方法来识别新闻而不是其他类型的信息。我们研究事实与媒体报道中人们认为的事实的不同之处。

The course provides tools to identify real and reliable news sources. And, it demonstrates ways to separate news from opinion.

该课程提供了识别真实可靠的新闻来源的工具。同时,它也展示了将新闻与舆论区分开来的方法。

Professors at Stony Brook University in New York created the News Literacy education program. We will share it with you in simple English on VOA Learning English.

纽约石溪大学的教授们创建了新闻素养教育课程,我们将在美国之音慢速版用简单的英语来与您分享。

The need for news literacy is possibly greater now than ever before. Learning this important skill can give us the power to take full control of our own search for the truth.

现在,对新闻素养的需求可能比以往任何时候都大,学习这一重要技能可以使我们有能力完全控制自己对真理的追求。

Because as we’ve seen many times before, some news presented as truth can actually turn out to be completely false.

因为,正如我们以前多次看到的,一些看似真实的新闻可能被证明是完全错误的。

 

Words in This Story

fake - adj. not true or real

accurate - adj. free from mistakes or errors

mislead - v. to cause someone to believe something that is not true

consumers - n. people who buy things

media - n. television, newspapers and other sources of information

reliable - adj. able to be trusted to do what is necessary

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