This is STEVE EMBER with the VOA Special English program IN THENEWS.
For the first time in many years, one party will control bothhouses of the United States Congress and the White House. Members ofPresident Bush's Republican Party regained control of the Senatefrom the Democratic Party in elections Tuesday.
Republicans will hold at least fifty-one of the one-hundred seatsin the Senate. Democrats hold forty-seven seats. One senator is anindependent. Another Senate seat still requires a special election.
Republicans also increased their majority in the House ofRepresentatives. Members of the new Congress will be sworn intooffice in January.
The election results represent a major victory for Mister Bush.The president's party usually loses congressional seats in anelection held in the middle of his term. Mister Bush appearedpublicly with a lot of Republican candidates in the weeks before theelection.
The Republican victories mean Mister Bush will have more chancesto get his programs passed. Republican Trent Lott of Mississippiwill be the new Senate majority leader. As such, he can decide whichissues the Senate will consider and when they will consider them.Republicans also will lead Senate committees. This means Mister Bushalso is likely to win Senate confirmation of his candidates forfederal office.
The Republicans won three seats they currently do not have in theSenate. Former Vice President Walter Mondale lost to Republican NormColeman in Minnesota. Mister Mondale's campaign lasted only a fewdays. The state's Democratic Party nominated him after Senator PaulWellstone died in an airplane crash last month.
In Missouri, Senator Jean Carnahan lost to Republican Jim Talent,a former Congressman. Missus Carnahan had been appointed to fill aSenate seat won by her husband, Mel Carnahan.
In Georgia, Democratic Senator Max Cleland lost to RepublicanCongressman Saxby Chambliss. During the election campaign, MisterChambliss often spoke about his efforts as a policy-maker againstterrorism. As a young man, Mister Cleland lost both legs and hisright arm during the Vietnam War.
Democrats, however, gained governorships in Illinois, Michiganand Pennsylvania -- three states with large populations. InCalifornia, voters re-elected Governor Gray Davis, another Democrat.At the same time, Republicans won governors' races in thetraditionally Democratic states of Georgia and Maryland.
On Thursday, President Bush said he would seek quickcongressional approval of his Homeland Security Bill. The measurewould pull together government agencies that fight terrorism. MisterBush also hopes Congress will change the federal program to assistretired workers and make tax cuts permanent.
This VOA Special English program, IN THE NEWS, was written byJerilyn Watson. This is Steve Ember.