UN: Opium Grown in Afghanistan Down by 48%
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime saysthe amount of opium produced
in Afghanistan has dropped by almost half compared to last year.
Andrey Avetisyan is the UN agency’s regional representative. He says
Afghanistan produced 3,300 tons of opium this year as compared to
6,400tons last year. He spoke to reporters on Wednesday in Kabul, the Afghan capital.
Officials say one reason forthe sharp drop is better cooperation between
官员们表示产量急剧下降的一个原因是阿富汗 lawenforcement agencies and Afghan policy makers.
They also say less land is being used to grow opium poppy plants.
And they say growers areharvesting fewer poppies for every hectare they plant.
Opium is a drug madefrom the dried opium poppy plant.
The drug is illegal in many countries.
The reported drop in production comes after years of rising production levelsin Afghanistan.
Mr. Avetisyan says opium cultivation in 2015 decreased by 19 percent
throughout the country. But he says it increased in northern Afghanistan
because of a breakdown in security in some places.
More opium is grown in Helmand than in any other province. But production
there was reported to be down by 16 percent compared to last year. There
were also reductions in nine other areas.
They are Kandahar, Kapisa, Zabul, Farah, Nimoroz, Herat, Nangarhar,Laghman and Badkhashan.
Mr. Avetisyan added that the Afghan drug problem is still serious. He says it
can only be solved if the government works closely with the international community.
He says the UN agency hopes Afghanistan will become more secure. He says
that will help in the fight against the growth, production, use, transport and
export of illegal drugs.
Afghanistan produces more than 80 percent of the opium sold throughout the
world. Experts believe money from the drug trade supports Taliban militants in
their campaign to oust the Afghan government.
支持他们与政府对抗。American officials say opium worsens corruption and insecurity in
Afghanistan and harms the legal economy.
The United States has spent 7.6 billion dollars to help fight the drug trade in Afghanistan since 2001.
自2001年起，美国先后投入76亿美元帮助阿富汗打击毒品交易。I’m Christopher Jones-Cruise.